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Author Topic: Urban Institute Article on Reentry in IL  (Read 4691 times)

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Offline Forevermah

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Urban Institute Article on Reentry in IL
« on: June 05, 2008, 09:35:20 AM »
There is another huge research study by the urban institute.  This is a shorter article about chicago reentry.

Former Prisoners Returning to Chicago Lack Services, Support
Urban Institute > Former Prisoners Returning to Chicago Lack Services, Support
Author(s): The Urban Institute
Other Availability: Printer-Friendly Page
Posted: September 14, 2005
Citation URL: http://www.urban.org/url.cfm?ID=900839

Contact: Thomas Mentzer, (202) 261-5627, tmentzer@ui.urban.org


WASHINGTON, D.C., September 14, 2005—For recently released prisoners, finding jobs and housing while avoiding criminal activity are keys to staying out of prison. Now a new Urban Institute report finds that where former prisoners settle after their release also influences their prospects.

In Chicago, more than half of released prisoners in the multiyear study settled in just seven communities: Austin, North Lawndale, East Garfield Park, West Englewood, Humboldt Park, Roseland, and Auburn Gresham. But focus groups in the neighborhoods—along with interviews of former prisoners, family members, reentry service providers, and state and local officials—find communities ill-prepared to support this growing population.

The study, "Chicago Communities and Prisoner Reentry" by Christy Visher and Jill Farrell, also found much-needed services were lacking. Only 21 percent of ex-prisoners had access to adult education programs and 14 percent to job training; 10 to 13 percent had access to counseling, mental health treatment, and parenting services.

Often, the characteristics of the communities affected former prisoners' chances of success. Those who considered their new neighborhoods drug-free and safe were more likely to have a job and work more, and less likely to use drugs or return to prison than those who felt their neighborhoods were unsafe.

Many surveyed said relationships with Chicago law enforcement and parole agents did not contribute to successful reentry. Although 94 percent of prisoners said their parole officers acted professionally and respected them, only 52 percent said the officials eased their transition to society, and only 45 percent said such supervision would help them stay out of prison.
Key findings:

Forty-one percent of ex-prisoners said finding a place to live was not addressed in their mandatory prerelease program.
Chicago has too few transitional facilities and halfway houses, even though service providers and local officials say such housing—free of the stress of renegotiating family ties or the need to pay rent—is important.
About 55 percent of ex-prisoners ended up in their old neighborhoods. Of the 45 percent who returned to new neighborhoods, most cited the desire to avoid trouble or live with family as reasons for the change.
Neighborhood organizations and community groups were recognized by area residents and former prisoners as important providers of services and support, but only 16 percent of released prisoners reported belonging to such organizations as churches, recreation groups, or tenant associations.
"To keep ex-prisoners out of trouble, communities need to support these individuals through social services, civic organizations, and chances for released prisoners to get involved in community activities," said lead author Christy Visher, a principal research associate with the Urban Institute's Justice Policy Center.

The report is the latest publication in a longitudinal study of how former convicts in Illinois fare after prison and what types of assistance help reduce reincarceration rates. Researchers are following a group of prisoners released in 2002 and 2003. The report is based on prerelease surveys of 400 male prisoners, postrelease interviews with prisoners, focus groups of residents in four communities receiving the most ex-prisoners, and interviews with reentry service providers and state and local officials.

"Returning Home" Project

"Chicago Communities and Prisoner Reentry" is part of "Returning Home: Understanding the Challenges of Prisoner Reentry," a multistate research initiative exploring ways to improve reentry outcomes for individuals, families, and communities. The Illinois research has been supported by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, the Woods Fund of Chicago, the Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority, the Annie E. Casey Foundation, and the Rockefeller Foundation.

"Chicago Communities and Prisoner Reentry" by Christy Visher and Jill Farrell is available to reporters at http://www.urban.org/url.cfm?ID=311225. It is the latest product of the Urban Institute's ongoing research on crime and justice issues. For more on this subject, go to http://urban.org/r/crime.cfm.

The Urban Institute is a nonprofit, nonpartisan policy research and educational organization that examines the social, economic, and governance challenges facing the nation.

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Offline wile

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Re: Urban Institute Article on Reentry in IL
« Reply #1 on: March 08, 2011, 07:29:54 PM »
Is there a way to view the post by recent date to old?
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