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Author Topic: ILLINOIS STATUTE - Sentencing  (Read 4958 times)

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ILLINOIS STATUTE - Sentencing
« on: August 26, 2008, 09:41:33 AM »
HB2478 Enrolled                      LRB093 02439 RLC 02447 b

    AN ACT in relation to criminal law.

    Be it enacted by the People of  the  State  of  Illinois,
represented in the General Assembly:

    Section  5. The Unified Code of Corrections is amended by
changing Section 5-4-1 as follows:

    (730 ILCS 5/5-4-1) (from Ch. 38, par. 1005-4-1)
    Sec. 5-4-1.  Sentencing Hearing.
    (a)  Except  when  the  death  penalty  is  sought  under
hearing procedures otherwise specified, after a determination
of guilt, a hearing shall be held  to  impose  the  sentence.
However, prior to the imposition of sentence on an individual
being  sentenced  for  an  offense  based upon a charge for a
violation of Section 11-501 of the Illinois Vehicle Code or a
similar provision of a local ordinance, the  individual  must
undergo  a professional evaluation to determine if an alcohol
or other drug abuse problem exists and the extent of  such  a
problem.   Programs  conducting  these  evaluations  shall be
licensed by the Department of Human  Services.   However,  if
the  individual is not a resident of Illinois, the court may,
in its discretion, accept an evaluation from a program in the
state of such individual's residence. The court  may  in  its
sentencing  order approve an eligible defendant for placement
in a Department of Corrections impact  incarceration  program
as  provided  in  Section 5-8-1.1 or 5-8-1.3.  At the hearing
the court shall:
         (1)  consider the evidence, if  any,  received  upon
    the trial;
         (2)  consider any presentence reports;
         (3)  consider  the financial impact of incarceration
    based on the financial impact statement  filed  with  the
    clerk of the court by the Department of Corrections;
         (4)  consider  evidence  and  information offered by
    the parties in aggravation and mitigation;
         (5)  hear arguments as to sentencing alternatives;
         (6)  afford the defendant the opportunity to make  a
    statement in his own behalf;
         (7)  afford  the  victim  of  a  violent  crime or a
    violation of Section 11-501 of the Illinois Vehicle Code,
    or a  similar  provision  of  a  local  ordinance,  or  a
    qualified  individual  affected  by:   (i) a violation of
    Section  405,  405.1,  405.2,  or  407  of  the  Illinois
    Controlled Substances Act,  or  (ii)  a  Class  4  felony
    violation of Section 11-14, 11-15, 11-17, 11-18, 11-18.1,
    or  11-19  of the Criminal Code of 1961, committed by the
    defendant the opportunity to make a statement  concerning
    the  impact  on  the  victim  and  to  offer  evidence in
    aggravation or mitigation; provided  that  the  statement
    and  evidence  offered  in aggravation or mitigation must
    first be prepared in  writing  in  conjunction  with  the
    State's Attorney before it may be presented orally at the
    hearing.  Any  sworn  testimony  offered by the victim is
    subject to the defendant's right  to  cross-examine.  All
    statements  and evidence offered under this paragraph (7)
    shall become part of the record of the  court.   For  the
    purpose  of  this  paragraph  (7), "qualified individual"
    means any person who  (i)  lived  or  worked  within  the
    territorial  jurisdiction  where  the  offense took place
    when the offense took place; and (ii)  is  familiar  with
    various public places within the territorial jurisdiction
    where the offense took place when the offense took place.
    For  the  purposes  of  this  paragraph  (7),  "qualified
    individual"  includes any peace officer, or any member of
    any duly organized State, county, or municipal peace unit
    assigned  to  the  territorial  jurisdiction  where   the
    offense took place when the offense took place; and
         (8)  in   cases  of  reckless  homicide  afford  the
    victim's spouse, guardians, parents  or  other  immediate
    family members an opportunity to make oral statements.
    (b)  All  sentences  shall  be imposed by the judge based
upon his independent assessment  of  the  elements  specified
above  and  any  agreement  as  to  sentence  reached  by the
parties.  The judge who presided at the trial  or  the  judge
who  accepted  the  plea  of guilty shall impose the sentence
unless he is no longer sitting as  a  judge  in  that  court.
Where  the judge does not impose sentence at the same time on
all defendants  who  are  convicted  as  a  result  of  being
involved  in  the  same offense, the defendant or the State's
Attorney may advise the sentencing court of  the  disposition
of any other defendants who have been sentenced.
    (c)  In imposing a sentence for a violent crime or for an
offense  of  operating  or  being  in  physical  control of a
vehicle while under the influence of alcohol, any other  drug
or any combination thereof, or a similar provision of a local
ordinance,  when such offense resulted in the personal injury
to someone other than the defendant, the  trial  judge  shall
specify  on  the record the particular evidence, information,
factors in mitigation and aggravation or other  reasons  that
led to his sentencing determination. The full verbatim record
of  the  sentencing  hearing shall be filed with the clerk of
the court and shall be a public record.
    (c-1)  In  imposing  a  sentence  for  the   offense   of
aggravated   kidnapping  for  ransom,  home  invasion,  armed
robbery, aggravated vehicular hijacking, aggravated discharge
of a firearm, or armed violence with a category I  weapon  or
category  II  weapon, the trial judge shall make a finding as
to whether the conduct leading to conviction for the  offense
resulted  in  great  bodily harm to a victim, and shall enter
that finding and the basis for that finding in the record.
    (c-2)  If the defendant is  sentenced  to  prison,  other
than  when  a  sentence  of  natural  life  imprisonment or a
sentence of death is imposed, at the  time  the  sentence  is
imposed the judge shall state on the record in open court the
approximate  period  of  time  the  defendant  will  serve in
custody according to the then  current  statutory  rules  and
regulations  for  early  release  found  in Section 3-6-3 and
other related provisions of this  Code.   This  statement  is
intended  solely to inform the public, has no legal effect on
the defendant's actual release, and may not be relied  on  by
the defendant on appeal.
    The  judge's statement, to be given after pronouncing the
sentence, other than when the sentence is imposed for one  of
the offenses enumerated in paragraph (a)(3) of Section 3-6-3,
shall include the following:
    "The purpose of this statement is to inform the public of
the  actual  period of time this defendant is likely to spend
in prison as a result of this sentence.  The actual period of
prison time served is determined by the statutes of  Illinois
as  applied  to  this  sentence by the Illinois Department of
Corrections and the Illinois Prisoner Review Board.  In  this
case,  assuming the defendant receives all of his or her good
conduct credit, the period of estimated actual custody is ...
years and ... months, less up to  180  days  additional  good
conduct  credit  for  meritorious service.  If the defendant,
because of his or her own misconduct  or  failure  to  comply
with  the  institutional  regulations, does not receive those
credits, the actual time served in  prison  will  be  longer.
The  defendant  may  also  receive an additional one-half day
good  conduct  credit  for  each  day  of  participation   in
vocational,   industry,   substance  abuse,  and  educational
programs as provided for by Illinois statute."
    When the sentence is imposed  for  one  of  the  offenses
enumerated  in  paragraph (a)(3) of Section 3-6-3, other than
when  the  sentence  is  imposed  for  one  of  the  offenses
enumerated in paragraph (a)(2) of Section 3-6-3 committed  on
or  after  June 19, 1998, and other than when the sentence is
imposed for reckless homicide as defined in subsection (e) of
Section 9-3 of the Criminal Code of 1961 if the  offense  was
committed  on  or  after January 1, 1999, and other than when
the sentence is imposed for aggravated arson if  the  offense
was  committed  on  or  after  the  effective  date  of  this
amendatory  Act  of  the  92nd  General Assembly, the judge's
statement, to be given after pronouncing the sentence,  shall
include the following:
    "The purpose of this statement is to inform the public of
the  actual  period of time this defendant is likely to spend
in prison as a result of this sentence.  The actual period of
prison time served is determined by the statutes of  Illinois
as  applied  to  this  sentence by the Illinois Department of
Corrections and the Illinois Prisoner Review Board.  In  this
case,  assuming the defendant receives all of his or her good
conduct credit, the period of estimated actual custody is ...
years and ... months, less up  to  90  days  additional  good
conduct  credit  for  meritorious service.  If the defendant,
because of his or her own misconduct  or  failure  to  comply
with  the  institutional  regulations, does not receive those
credits, the actual time served in  prison  will  be  longer.
The  defendant  may  also  receive an additional one-half day
good  conduct  credit  for  each  day  of  participation   in
vocational,   industry,   substance  abuse,  and  educational
programs as provided for by Illinois statute."
    When the sentence is imposed  for  one  of  the  offenses
enumerated  in  paragraph (a)(2) of Section 3-6-3, other than
first degree murder, and the  offense  was  committed  on  or
after  June  19,  1998,  and when the sentence is imposed for
reckless homicide as defined in subsection (e) of Section 9-3
of the Criminal Code of 1961 if the offense was committed  on
or  after  January  1, 1999, and when the sentence is imposed
for aggravated arson if the offense was committed on or after
the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 92nd General
Assembly,  the  judge's  statement,   to   be   given   after
pronouncing the sentence, shall include the following:
    "The purpose of this statement is to inform the public of
the  actual  period of time this defendant is likely to spend
in prison as a result of this sentence.  The actual period of
prison time served is determined by the statutes of  Illinois
as  applied  to  this  sentence by the Illinois Department of
Corrections and the Illinois Prisoner Review Board.  In  this
case, the defendant is entitled to no more than 4 1/2 days of
good  conduct credit for each month of his or her sentence of
imprisonment.  Therefore, this defendant will serve at  least
85%  of his or her sentence.  Assuming the defendant receives
4 1/2 days credit for each month of his or her sentence,  the
period  of  estimated  actual  custody  is  ... years and ...
months.   If  the  defendant,  because  of  his  or  her  own
misconduct  or  failure  to  comply  with  the  institutional
regulations receives lesser credit, the actual time served in
prison will be longer."
    When a sentence of  imprisonment  is  imposed  for  first
degree  murder and the offense was committed on or after June
19,  1998,  the  judge's  statement,  to   be   given   after
pronouncing the sentence, shall include the following:
    "The purpose of this statement is to inform the public of
the  actual  period of time this defendant is likely to spend
in prison as a result of this sentence.  The actual period of
prison time served is determined by the statutes of  Illinois
as  applied  to  this  sentence by the Illinois Department of
Corrections and the Illinois Prisoner Review Board.  In  this
case,  the  defendant is not entitled to good conduct credit.
Therefore, this defendant will  serve  100%  of  his  or  her
sentence."
    (d)  When the defendant is committed to the Department of
Corrections,  the  State's Attorney shall and counsel for the
defendant may file a statement with the clerk of the court to
be transmitted to the department, agency  or  institution  to
which  the defendant is committed to furnish such department,
agency or institution with the facts and circumstances of the
offense for which the person was committed together with  all
other factual information accessible to them in regard to the
person  prior  to  his  commitment  relative  to  his habits,
associates, disposition and reputation and  any  other  facts
and  circumstances  which  may aid such department, agency or
institution during its custody of  such  person.   The  clerk
shall  within  10  days  after  receiving any such statements
transmit a copy to such department, agency or institution and
a copy to the other party, provided, however, that this shall
not be cause  for  delay  in  conveying  the  person  to  the
department,  agency  or  institution  to  which  he  has been
committed.
    (e)  The  clerk  of  the  court  shall  transmit  to  the
department, agency or  institution,  if  any,  to  which  the
defendant is committed, the following:
         (1)  the sentence imposed;
         (2)  any  statement  by  the  court of the basis for
    imposing the sentence;
         (3)  any presentence reports;
         (4)  the number of days, if any, which the defendant
    has been in custody and  for  which  he  is  entitled  to
    credit  against  the sentence, which information shall be
    provided to the clerk by the sheriff;
         (4.1)  any finding of great bodily harm made by  the
    court with respect to an offense enumerated in subsection
    (c-1);
         (5)  all  statements  filed  under subsection (d) of
    this Section;
         (6)  any  medical  or  mental  health   records   or
    summaries of the defendant;
         (7)  the   municipality  where  the  arrest  of  the
    offender or the commission of the offense  has  occurred,
    where  such  municipality  has  a population of more than
    25,000 persons;
         (8)  all statements made and evidence offered  under
    paragraph (7) of subsection (a) of this Section; and
         (9)  all  additional matters which the court directs
    the clerk to transmit.
(Source: P.A. 91-357,  eff.  7-29-99;  91-899,  eff.  1-1-01;
92-176, eff. 7-27-01; 92-806, eff. 1-1-03; revised 9-18-02.)



Effective Date: 01/01/04
~ "I have visited some of the best and the worst prisons and have never seen signs of coddling, but I have seen the terrible results of the boredom and frustration of empty hours and pointless existence." ~ US Supreme Court Justice Warren Burger

~ "An eye for an eye makes the whole world blind."
~ Mahatma Gandhi


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